## Understanding Elementary Shapes

## Exercise – 5.5

**Ex 5.5 Question 1.**

**Which of the following are models for perpendicular lines:**

**(a) The adjacent edges of a table top.**

**(b) The lines of a railway track.**

**(c) The line segments forming a letter ‘L’.**

**(d) The letter V.**

**Solution:**

(a) Yes, the adjacent edges of a tabletop are perpendicular to each other.

(b) No, the lines of railway tracks are parallel to each other.

(c) Yes, the line segments of ‘L’ are the model for perpendicular lines.

(d) No, the line segments of ‘V’ are not a model for perpendicular lines.

**Ex 5.5 Question 2.**

**Let **** be perpendicular to the line segment **** . Let **** and **** intersect at in the point A. What is the measure of ∠PAY?**

**Solution:**

Since ⊥ XY

∴ ∠PAY = 90°

**Ex 5.5 Question 3.**

**There are two set-squares in your box. What are the measures of the angles that are formed at their corners? Do they have any angle measure that is common?**

**Solution:**

The measure of angles in fig. a = 30^{0}, 60^{0} and 90^{0}

The measure of angles in fig. b = 45^{0}, 45^{0} and 90^{0}

Yes, the angle of measure 90^{0} is common in between them.

**Ex 5.5 Question 4.**

**Study the diagram. The line l is perpendicular to line m.**

**(a) Is CE = EG?**

**(b) Does PE bisects CG?**

**(c) Identify any two line segments for which PE is the perpendicular bisector.**

**(d) Are these true?**

**(i) AC > FG**

**(ii) CD = GH**

**(iii) BC < EH**

**Solution:**

(a) Yes, Since, CE = 2 units and EG = 2 units Hence, CE = EG.

(b) Yes. Since, CE = EG as both is of 2 units. Hence PE bisect CG.

(c) and

(d) (i) True (ii) True (iii) True