Indus River System and Plain

Indus River System –

  • The Indus River originates in Tibet near the Mansarovar Lake.
  • Indus River flowing westward, the river enters India from Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • In this part, it forms a very beautiful scenic guard.
  • Many tributaries like Zaskar, Nubra, Shyok, Gilgit, Tochi, Gomal and Hunza Daras join this river in this region.
  • The Indus river flows out of Baluchistan and Gilgit out of the mountainous region at Attock.
  • Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum join together in the Indus river near Mithankot in Pakistan.
  • After this, the river flows southwards and finally joins Karachi eastward into the Arabian Sea.
  • The slope of the Indus River plain is very slow.
  • More than a third of the Indus basin is located in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal and Punjab in India and the rest in Pakistan.
  • The length of the long Indus River is about 2900 Km.
Sanskrit name of rivers-
Hindi Name                           Sanskrit Name
Jhelum           -                   Vittasta 
Chenab           -                   Askini or Chandrabhaga 
Ravi             -                   Purushni or Iravati 
Vyasa            -                   Vipasa or Argikia 
Sutlej           -                   Shatundri 

Indus Water Convention Treaty Articles (1960)- According to the Indus Water Convention Treaty Articles (1960) India can use only 20% of the total water of this river process. This water is used for irrigation in the southwestern parts of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan.

Indus River Plain –

  • The Indus Plain is formed by the rivers Sutlej, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Beas.
  • Indus plain average height is 250 meters.
  • Indus plain is mainly formed from Bangar.
  • In Indus plain, a narrow belt affected by floods is found on the banks of rivers. Which is called Bet.
  • The land between the two rivers is called the Doab.
Bisht Doab: Area between Vyas and Sutlej River 

Bari Doab: Area between Vyas and Ravi River 

Rachna Doab: Area between Ravi and Chenab River 

Chaj Doab: Area between Chenab and Jhelum River 

Sindh Doab: Area between the Indus River and the Jhelum River

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