Indus River System and Plain
Indus River System –
- The Indus River originates in Tibet near the Mansarovar Lake.
- Indus River flowing westward, the river enters India from Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir.
- In this part, it forms a very beautiful scenic guard.
- Many tributaries like Zaskar, Nubra, Shyok, Gilgit, Tochi, Gomal and Hunza Daras join this river in this region.
- The Indus river flows out of Baluchistan and Gilgit out of the mountainous region at Attock.
- Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum join together in the Indus river near Mithankot in Pakistan.
- After this, the river flows southwards and finally joins Karachi eastward into the Arabian Sea.
- The slope of the Indus River plain is very slow.
- More than a third of the Indus basin is located in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal and Punjab in India and the rest in Pakistan.
- The length of the long Indus River is about 2900 Km.
NOTE- Sanskrit name of rivers- Hindi Name Sanskrit Name Jhelum - Vittasta Chenab - Askini or Chandrabhaga Ravi - Purushni or Iravati Vyasa - Vipasa or Argikia Sutlej - Shatundri
Indus Water Convention Treaty Articles (1960)- According to the Indus Water Convention Treaty Articles (1960) India can use only 20% of the total water of this river process. This water is used for irrigation in the southwestern parts of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan.
Indus River Plain –
- The Indus Plain is formed by the rivers Sutlej, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Beas.
- Indus plain average height is 250 meters.
- Indus plain is mainly formed from Bangar.
- In Indus plain, a narrow belt affected by floods is found on the banks of rivers. Which is called Bet.
- The land between the two rivers is called the Doab.
Bisht Doab: Area between Vyas and Sutlej River Bari Doab: Area between Vyas and Ravi River Rachna Doab: Area between Ravi and Chenab River Chaj Doab: Area between Chenab and Jhelum River Sindh Doab: Area between the Indus River and the Jhelum River