Ingredients- materials that are used to prepare any dish called ingredients.

Examples – 

  • Dal is prepared from pulses, Water, salt, oil, ghee, species
  • Vegetable curry is made with vegetable, salt, species, oil, and solon.
  • Tea is made with water, tea leaves & sugar

Here above food items are made with some materials such as Dal with water, oil so on and similarly other items, so we call these materials as ingredients.

Now a question arises, where do these ingredients come from?

So here is a table which gives us a general idea of sources of ingredient-

Grains Milk products

Cereals Meat products


source of our food. Plants have edible as eatable parts.


  • Raddish which is used as salad and its leaves are used as vegetables.
  • Banana is used as a fruit and its leaf used as plates in south India.
  • Root system
  • Shoot system
1. Root system consists of-
  • Primary Roots : It is the central main root.
  • Secondary Roots: branches of the primary root.
2. Shoot system consists of –
  • Flowers
  • Fruits
  • Buds
  • Stem
  • Leaf

Nodes –

Those areas from which leaves, branches, and aerial roots grow out from stom.

Internodes –

The interval between two nodes.

What do animals eat?

Animals which eat plants only.
eg.-cow, goat etc.
Animal which eat other animals.
eg.- Tiger, Lion etc.
Animal whic eat plant as well as animals.
eg.- Human, Bears,
Pig etc.


1. Do you find that all living beings need the same kind of food?


No, all living beings eat different kinds of food. Some living beings are: –

Herbivores – who eat plants, goat

Carnivores -depend on other animals for food. Eg- tiger, lion

Omnivores-some eat plants as well as animals Eg- a human being

2. Name five plants and their parts that we eat.


Apple- Fruit.

Mustard- Seed.


Spinach- Leaves.

Carrot- Roots.

3. Match the items given in Column A with that in Column B

Column A Column B
Milk, Curd, Paneer, Ghee Eat other animals
Spinach, Cauliflower, carrot Eat plants and plant products
Lions and tigers Are vegetables
Herbivores Are all animal products


Column A Column B
Milk, Curd, Paneer, Ghee Are all animal products
Spinach, Cauliflower, carrot Are vegetables
Lions and tigers Eat other animals
Herbivores Eat plants and plant products

4. Fill up the blanks with the words given: herbivore, plant, milk, sugarcane, carnivore

(a) Tiger is a ____________________ because it eats only meat.

(b) Deer eats only plant products and so, is called ______________.

(c) Parrot eats only _________________ products.

(d) The ________________ that we drink, which comes from cows, buffaloes and goats is an animal product.

(e) We get sugar from ___________________.


(a) carnivore

(b) herbivore

(c) plant

(d) milk

(e) Sugarcane.



Neeraj Kandpal · June 8, 2020 at 10:06 am

Good information

Prashant · June 8, 2020 at 12:23 pm


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